Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus or Type 2 Diabetes can come as a shock, but proper nutrition advice on glucose intake and regular exercise can be a game-changer.
Like with heart disease, adults who have a lifestyle of freedom and choice may be thrown off by a Type 2 Diabetes diagnosis (and for a good reason). When a person receives a diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes, it is safe to bet that their life will change drastically.
Known by many as adult-onset diabetes, Type 2 is the non-insulin-dependent form of diabetes that affects a person’s ability to naturally control the amount of glucose (sugar) found in the blood.
When a person’s body cannot naturally control the transfer of glucose into energy via the pancreas, the blood becomes highly saturated with glucose. This can cause severe health issues such as nerve damage, heart disease, cardiovascular disease, blurred vision, and other complications of long-term health because the body cannot do its job of getting the insulin it needs for the proper transfer of glucose to energy.
When this occurs, a person with Type 2 Diabetes will find it difficult (if not impossible) to keep their glucose levels under the recommended level of less than 100 mg/dL. Many adults can manage their blood sugar by getting in regular exercise and eating a healthy diet. However, others cannot. When a person’s blood sugar cannot be maintained on its own, other treatment options should be explored.
You may be wondering how to know if you have Type 2 Diabetes and whether a health professional should check you. One interesting fact about Type 2 Diabetes is that a person may have it but not know it for years!
Here are some signs and symptoms that can alert you to a problem:
Unexplained Weight Loss
This is often the first sign for many inflicted with Type 2 Diabetes that alert them to a problem. Even though you may be eating your regular diet and working less than you’d like, you may still experience weight loss. This is due to the fact that your body cannot metabolize glucose which is used as fuel for your body.
If you have sores that are slow to heal or infections that occur on a regular basis, they may be signs of Type 2 Diabetes. Your body’s ability to heal and resist infections is compromised with Type 2 Diabetes.
When your body is constantly producing an excess amount of sugar, fluid is pulled from your tissues to give you the proper amount of hydration. This can leave your body feeling thirstier than normal. And, as a result of increased thirst, you will experience an increase in urination.
Fatigue and Irritability
The body needs specific nutrients in order to work properly. Type 2 Diabetes depletes your body of the necessary sugar, which can leave you feeling extra tired and more irritable more than normal.
Your vision may have never been an issue before, but with Type 2 Diabetes, blurred/impaired vision may become the norm. When your blood sugar is too high, fluid is pulled from anywhere the body can find it. This means that your eye lenses are susceptible to loss of fluid. When your eyes are not given what they need to function properly, your vision can become blurred.
Increased Hunger for Glucose Products
As your body loses much-needed sugar that is converted to energy, your organs and muscles lose much-needed nutrients. When this occurs, your body will be triggered to require more fuel (food), which can make you feel hungrier than usual. The patient showing signs of diabetes would have cravings for glucose-rich nutrients such as sweets.
Who’s at Risk from Type 2 Diabetes?
Now that you are aware of the symptoms to look for with Type 2 Diabetes, it is important to understand who is most at risk for developing the insulin-resistant disease.
Weight – If you are overweight, you are at a heightened risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. With more fatty tissue, your cells are more likely to resist insulin. The catch here is that you don’t have to be overweight to develop Type 2 Diabetes.
More Fat in Your Abdomen – Where your fat is distributed on your body can play a major role in the increased risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Those who have their fat mostly in their abdomen area are more likely to develop this type of diabetes.
Matured Age – Adults 45 and older are at a higher risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes than any other age range of adults. This is most likely due to the lifestyle of an older adult (less exercise, less muscle, etc.).
Genetics – It is not clear that if an immediate family member has Type 2 Diabetes that younger generations will develop it as adults. However, the chances do increase if a parent or sibling has Type 2 Diabetes. This means that early prevention is key to keeping you from developing insulin-resistant diabetes yourself.
Less-than Active Lifestyle – It’s no wonder doctors harp on the fact that being active is hugely important to our well-being. Type 2 Diabetes increases in people who live less-than active lifestyles due to the lack of weight control and lack of movement. When you move your body, your glucose is used as energy, which makes your cells more receptive to insulin rather than resistant.
There is no specified diet for those who suffer from Type 2 Diabetes. However, certain foods should be incorporated into your diet and other foods that should be avoided.
Foods to incorporate more into your diet:
- Whole grains
Foods to avoid in your diet:
- Foods with high sugar
- Fewer animal products
- Refined carbohydrates
Physical activity has been proven to lower a person’s blood sugar levels, which is exactly what people who live with Type 2 Diabetes aim to do on a daily basis. Aim for 30 minutes of exercise daily to keep your blood sugar levels lower. Be aware that blood sugar medications can cause your glucose levels to drop too low if you add in exercise. Eat a small snack before exercising to ensure that your glucose levels don’t fall too low.
Medications like Janumet, Metformin, and Glimperide
Of course, there are other ways to lower your blood sugar levels if healthy eating and regular exercise aren’t doing the trick on their own. Some common medications include Metformin and Glimepiride. Janumet is used as a combination medication with other medicines like Metformin to help ramp up the reduction of glucose in the bloodstream. People with Type 2 Diabetes use medications such as Janumet when living a healthy lifestyle doesn’t quite do the job that is needed.
Type 2 Diabetes cannot be reversed completely. Those who have Type 2 Diabetes can lessen their symptoms but not completely rid their body of an insulin deficiency. To keep your symptoms at bay, monitor your blood sugar levels as directed by your doctor, and follow a healthy lifestyle regularly.
Overcome all your worries and fears related to the symptoms of a heart attack. We are here to help you!
Knowing when a heart attack will strike is not easy. Many people fear that they will experience heart pain, high blood pressure, or a heart attack and not know what’s happening. Thankfully, there are heart attack symptoms and warning signs you can look for if you think you may be experiencing a heart attack.
To keep you as worry-free as possible, we’ve gathered the warning signs and symptoms you should look for when considering cardiovascular disease or a coronary artery—even if you regularly partake in a little physical activity. Make sure to read this carefully and take notes for the future. If you think you may be experiencing a heart attack at any time or there is something wrong with your blood, a damaged artery, poor blood flow, or similar disease related to the heart, please call your emergency number as soon as possible.
Pay Attention to Early Warning Signs
Heart attacks are not typically sudden like they are portrayed in movies and television shows and the risk factors are often overlooked. If you do find yourself suffering from a heart attack, you will most likely notice signs early. Therefore, pay attention to your body and understand when something feels off.
The American Heart Association is dedicated to raising awareness of heart attack warnings signs and prevention. It is their mission to provide the public with plenty of information that can help them identify the onset of a heart attack quickly and reduce the risk of a heart attack from happening at all.
While early warning signs are typical for most patients who have suffered a heart attack, everyone’s body is different. Therefore, pay close attention to your body and understand when things are not quite performing how they should be.
Men and Women Are Different when it Comes to Heart Attack Symptoms
Everyone knows that men and women are vastly different in all areas of life. But, one of the biggest areas where they differ and could potentially save a person’s life is with symptoms of a heart attack.
Here are four different red flags women should look for:
- Sudden (and unexplained) Perspiration
It may be common for some women to experience heavy sweat when they are stressed or nervous. However, if a sudden onset of perspiration occurs, a woman should take note. It may very well just be a hot flash or be hormone-related, but if nothing else is causing the unexplained perspiration, this may be a sign of an oncoming heart attack.
Heartburn or indigestion may be signs of a heart attack for many women. While it is easy to brush off these stomach issues as simply a sign of something you ate that didn’t agree with you, it may not be as easy as that. Heartburn and indigestion can be signs of a heart attack for women and should be monitored closely with other symptoms. Nausea and vomiting are more common in women than in men.
- Upper Body Pain
Many doctors have male patients who describe a heaviness in their chests (almost like an elephant is sitting on top of them) when they’re experiencing a heart attack. Women, on the other hand, experience sharp pain in their upper body (neck, shoulders, chest). This is a completely different sensation than men experience. Women should pay special attention to where their pain radiates and understand that their pain may reside in very different locations than that in males.
- Jaw Pain
Jaw pain in women can stem from a variety of reasons such as clenching of the teeth, headaches, or stress. While jaw pain as a warning sign for a heart attack in women is rare, it is a symptom to pay attention to. The nerves in the jaw area react to issues going on in the heart because they are all connected. Keep an eye out for other symptoms to arise if you experience jaw pain.
Men may experience the following symptoms and should look for these red flags:
- Chest Pain
As reported by both men and women, chest pain can be a sign of a heart attack. Often seen as steadily increasing pain rather than a sudden pain, chest pain or discomfort may look like sharp pains, extreme heaviness, or tightness of the chest. Men may experience a heavy feeling in the center of their chest as if an elephant was sitting on top of them.
- Pain above the Waist
Pain may radiate in other areas of the body such as the neck, stomach, or an arm. If someone is experiencing this kind of pain as well as chest pains, call for help immediately.
- Shortness of Breath
Due to the extreme heaviness of the chest, both men and women may feel a shortness of breath. This may also feel like their breaths are labored and have difficulty in doing so.
Treatment and Prevention of Heart Attack
Family history and genetics play a large role in the likelihood of a person experiencing a heart attack. Heart murmur, arrhythmia, and other heart conditions can increase the chances of a heart attack.
Regardless of your chances of having a heart attack, there are preventive measures that you can take to help decrease the likelihood of having a heart attack.
Medications including Corlanor
If you experience a full-blown heart attack, the doctors will give you life-saving medications in the ambulance or at the hospital. These medications are meant to save your life and give you a chance at a full recovery.
However, there are other medicines that you can take if your heart needs a little extra help staying healthy. Corlanor is a common medicine prescribed to patients who need help in slowing down their heart rate. With chronic heart failure, a person would find Corlanor helpful in keeping their risk of hospitalization down when their congestive heart failure symptoms increase.
Doctors around the world agree that the best prevention for heart attacks is staying healthy, though many healthy people who exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet still experience heart attacks; however, a healthy lifestyle will lead to a decreased chance overall.
If you believe that you are experiencing a heart attack, call your emergency number immediately, and receive help! It is never too early to call.